fundao santa-clara Energetic
complex project (FSCECP)
Clean Energy from Hydropower
Paraná State, brazil*
The FSCECP consists of a hydroelectric complex resulting from the two power plants
Fundão and Santa Clara Hydroelectric, both installed in the Jordão River in the state of Paraná.
The Fundão hydropower plant consists of a smaller scale power plant and other large power plants. The Santa Clara hydropower plant also consists of a smaller scale power plant and other large power plants.
The FSCECP is connected to the S-SE-CO subsystem via three 138 kV transmission lines.
With the implementation of this project, electricity will be fed into the Southeastern Southwest Midwestern grid, thus avoiding the generation of electricity from fossil fuels.
This avoids CO2-emissions and contributes to sustainable development at both regional and national levels.
The state of Paraná is located in the south of Brazil and is divided into six main regions with 399 municipalities. The capital of Paraná is Curitiba. Curitiba is nicknamed the "capital of ecology" as it is known for its exemplary public transport system.
Paradigm in climate protection
For many years, environmentalists like the WWF have praised Brazil as the real world champion in climate protection. The Brazilians are permanently fighting against deforestation and have meanwhile developed into a model for climate protection. Over the last years, Brazil has reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by about one third, saving more than 750 million tons of carbon dioxide annually. This is equivalent to a value of about 2 percent of the global carbon emissions. The major success is mainly due to the drastic ban on the logging of the Amazon jungle. Since 2013, 70 percent fewer square kilometers of the forest are cleared as compared to 2005. (David Nepsted. Earth Innovation Institute, San Francisco)
The government declares land areas as protected areas, and thus contributes to the improvement of the recording of rural areas. In addition, the responsibility for environmental protection measures was shifted to the rural districts, which meant that farmers were no more allowed to be granted credits in the regions with a particularly high forest loss.
Another reason for the success of Brazil is due to the pressure from environmental organizations and large food companies such as Nestlé or McDonald on the country, driven by global trends and fear that their image could be damaged. Since 2006 for example, different campaigns of Greenpeace for instance led to the result that less than 1 percent of the soya and corn cultivation areas was deforested.
Germany also supports Brazil’s efforts in climate protection. In 2015, Angela Merkel provided 550 million Euros, according to a climate protection agreement between Germany and Brazil. The funds will be used specificallyto promote renewable energies and to protect the tropical forest.
This assistance mainly aims at reducing the clearing of the tropical forest to zero by 2020. A large part of these financial resources are development loans of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.
During the signing ceremony in situ, the Chancellor emphasized the great importance of the protection of the rainforest: “We are very pleased that there are ambitious developments regarding the halt and the reduction of deforestation”.