Anaerobic digestion and heat generation at Sugar Corporation of Uganda Avoidance of CO2 emissions through more efficient production
The carbon offset project is located at the SCOUL complex in Lugazi, Buikwe District, Central Region, Uganda.
SCOUL operates a large sugar production with a capacity of 50,000 tonnes. The processing of sugarcane produces molasses within the production process, which in turn is used to produce industrial alcohol with a capacity of 9,000 l / day in a distillery.
The project operator has undergone a complete process optimization that has been certified. This includes, for example, the reorganization of the distillery with vacuum distillation, instead of an atmospheric distillation as before.
During the production process a lot of water is needed. The waste water is used for field irrigation or as a humectant for the bio-composting plant. The resulting sludge surplus is used as fertilizer in the cultivation of sugar cane.
A, from the melissa fed, biogas plant replaces a previous oil stove.
Great goals, difficult implementation
According to WHO, 663 million people in Africa, Asia and South America have no access or only insufficient access to clean drinking water. Therefore, drinking water in plastic bottles is not only an alternative to unsafe water supply for many people, but the only way out.
Uganda is one of the centers where drinking water for the African region is bottled in PET-bottles. Indeed, this situation causes a great waste problem. However, these water bottles are imperative for many people to survive.
In 2012 already, Uganda has made an important decision regarding the climate protection: a law prohibiting plastic bags was passed. The judges decided that plastic bags „violate the rights of people to a clean and healthy environment”.
The Ugandan climate policy has set itself ambitious goals which are very difficult to implement due to various problems that are located at different levels. In 2007, the NAPA was adopted. The National Adaptation Programme of Action and different programs of action include strategies of adaptation to climate change.
Countries such as Uganda are among the most vulnerable to climate change without belonging to the main polluters. Uganda and all African countries are dependent on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by the industrialized countries, the compensation for the financing of adaptation measures and transfer of technology in the country.