AURA SOLAR I
Clean Energy from solar power
Baja California Sur, MEXIcO*
The solar system is located on 100 hectares of land in La Paz, Baja California Sur state.
Aura Solar I is expected to produce 65.7 GWh of electricity per year, which will be sold exclusively to Mexico's Federal Power Company CFE, through a 20-year PPA that is expandable and based on the country's small electricity producer (Pequeña Producción de Energía Eléctrica). This power will be transferred via a new 115 kV / 2.9 km long transmission line to the substation "Olas Altas".
The great potential of solar energy is hardly used.
This has different causes. So far, there is no specific funding program.
The technical and commercial risks of projects are therefore often considered too high and prevent project developers from investing in solar energy technologies.
The national financial institutions are little experienced in the valuation and financing of large scale solar projects. Collaboration between the private sector, science and government is too underdeveloped to stimulate investment in innovative technologies. In addition, the various actors do not have mechanisms for a concerted approach that invigorates the solar technologies market.
Mexico faces two key challenges in terms of electricity supply: The growth of industry and the population means that generation capacity must be constantly expanded. Between 2014 and 2027, installed capacity is expected to almost double from 62.2 to 114.9 gigawatts. In addition, the government has set itself ambitious goals in the transition to renewable energy sources. By 2024, 35% of the electricity should come from non-fossil sources, 2050 already 50%.
Agriculture in context of climate change.
About a quarter of the 100 million Mexicans are already suffering from the consequences of climate change, which is manifested by the occurrence of extreme extreme weather conditions. Frequent floods, caused by hurricanes in the southeast of the country and prolonged periods of drought in the rest of Mexico, do not make life easier for the population.
A good 50 percent of the soil is heavily degraded as a result of altered land use due to the effects of climate change. Big crop failures are the result.
Between 1970 and 2005, the areas covered with vegetation, deforestation, natural forest fires, reduced by 18 million hectares (more than 25 million football fields!).
From the displeasure of the people numerous citizens' initiatives emerge. They protest against the deforestation of the forests in their homeland, as a result of which many rivers and streams dry up, which in turn, due to the lack of water, leads to crop failures.
Now, Mexico is one of the first emerging economies to formulate its own, fully correct climate protection targets, which envisages halving CO2 emissions by 2050 compared to the amount of CO2 emitted in 2000.
The German Federal Government supports Mexico both in the protection of biodiversity in the "green environmental sector" and in urban industrial environmental protection, in the "brown sector".
In the green environment, corridors between protected areas are established and institutional capacity is strengthened. This not only serves biodiversity but also contributes to the sustainable use of natural resources.
To overcome the serious environmental problems in the cities, sustainable solutions for urban-industrial environmental protection are being developed.
This will contribute to green growth in Mexico. (GIC)